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Fig. 11.4-2. Transverse section of corn stem (Zea mays). The vascular bundles of monocots stems typically occurs in a complex three dimensional pattern embedded in a matrix that is called conjunctive tissue. Conjunctive tissue may be either parenchyma as in this corn, or it can consist of fibers whose walls can become extremely thick. As you might imagine, parenchymatous conjunctive tissue occurs in monocot stems that are soft such as corn, canna lilies, gingers, and bulbs like onions whereas a fibrous conjunctive tissue occurs in larger, harder monocot stems like bamboo, agaves, and many species of palm trees.

            In this micrograph, we can see eight vascular bundles, but if we could somehow make the conjunctive tissue perfectly transparent so that we could see far down into this stem, almost certainly we would see that some of them come together and join to be a singe bundle, others might branch into two and so on, such that they form an interconnected network, not just a set of bundles each isolated from the others.