Fig. 10.3-4. Transverse section of leaf Dracaena fragrans (no common name). This is a very typical view of stomata, visible in a transverse section of a leaf. The vertical arrow indicates a stomatal complex: there are two subsidiary cells (sc) visible here, and two guard cells that look like little more than smudges on the inner sides of the subsidiary cells. Above the stoma is a white space with no cells, that is a substomatal cavity that is open enough that the carbon dioxide molecules will diffuse quickly away from the stomatal pore and be less likely to accidentally diffuse back out of the stoma. The diagonal arrow indicates another open area; undoubtedly it too has a stoma that opens into it, but that stoma must be a little farther back in the epidermis or it was a little farther forward and has been cut away in a preceding section. And almost certainly, that substomatal chamber is connected to the other chamber whose stoma is indicated by the arrow: the chambers are part of an interconnected space.